Making Every Neighborhood A Place of Opportunity
In this report, we outline some of the key obstacles to achieving the goals of the Fair Housing Act, while acknowledging many of the achievements made under the act in the past 50 years. In our 2017 Fair Housing Trends Report: The Case for Fair Housing, 5 we provided significant information about the history of segregation and differential access to credit and other opportunities. We encourage you to read the 2017 report as it sets the stage for this report at the 50th anniversary of the Fair Housing Act.
In this 2018 report, we assess some of the progress that has been made, lay out the ways in which the Fair Housing Act has been undermined in recent years, and outline some of the newer and emerging issues we must address as we move forward. These newer issues are in addition, of course, to ongoing work to educate consumers and industry about their fair housing rights and responsibilities and efforts to enforce fair housing laws by assisting those who experience discrimination and by dismantling discriminatory systemic and institutionalized barriers.
- More than half a million housing discrimination complaints have been processed since 1996, when NFHA first began collecting complaint data.
- Since 1991, more than 70,000 units of multi-family housing have been made accessible to persons with disabilities through litigation brought primarily by DOJ and private, nonprofit fair housing organizations.
- Since 1988, dozens of cases alleging redlining and discrimination by mortgage lenders have resulted in close to $1 billion in compensation to victims of mortgage lending discrimination and for investment in communities.
- There were 28,843 complaints of housing discrimination in 2017.
- The three most common types of complaints in 2017 were based on disability (57 percent), race (19 percent), and family status (9 percent).
- The biggest obstacle to fair housing rights is the federal government’s failure to enforce the law vigorously.